Ingrid B. Quinn

NMLS ID #211652 Arizona, Loan Consultant


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Down Payment of Your Home Purchase

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Where is my money better spent if I have to make a choice, down payment or discount points? When it comes to putting a down payment on a home there are a number of different options available and each individual has a unique situation. It is best to weigh the options and determine what is going to be best for you in the long run. Different loan programs offer different down payment options:

VA Loans: 100% financing maybe available

USDA Loans: 100% financing maybe available

FHA Loans: minimum down payment is 3.5% of the sales price to FHA’s county maximum. Check your local market for FHA maximum loan limits. https://entp.hud.gov/idapp/html/hicostlook.cfm

Conventional Conforming Loans: 5% down payment is the minimum required for a Conforming Loan.

Non-Conforming Loans: check with your mortgage professional (programs may vary)

3 Things to Keep in Mind:

Larger Down Payment – Just remember, the larger your down payment means the less money you have to borrow. This also means you’ll have more equity already available in your new home. This is important for borrowers in many ways, including lower monthly payments, potentially better loan terms, and the possibility of not having to purchase mortgage insurance.

Discount points – The easiest way to think of discount points is that in order to lower or discount your interest rate, you pay a premium. This increases your closing costs and may have an impact on the money you have available for your down payment. Before you agree to pay discount points, you should consult your mortgage professional about the amount of money you are going to save monthly. From there you can decide if this route will benefit you in the long run. I have written in detail on the subject of discount/mortgage points. For more information on this subject please visit my blog Mortgage Points, What Are They?

Qualifying for a Loan- qualifying for a loan can be tricky, but with the help of a mortgage professional you can look at your options and determine what will be the best way for you to qualify. In some cases you may need to work with a combination of things to fully qualify for the loan you need.

There is no answer that is right for every borrower. Many factors play into a home loan and a mortgage professional is there assist you with the decision making process by laying out your options. Never hesitate to ask questions.

For questions or suggestions please feel free to email me at Ingrid.Quinn@CobaltMortgage.com or visit me at http://www.CobaltMortgage.com/IngridQuinn or http://www.ScottsdaleMortgageExpert.com


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Mortgage Points, What Are They?

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Mortgage points, also referred to as ‘discount points ‘or an origination fee are made payable at closing. Each point is charged at a portion of 1% of your mortgage loan. A discount point reduces your interest rate by a set amount. The amount by which the rate is reduced for each point varies according to your mortgage and your lender. On average it is 0.25% – 0.5%. A discount point is different than an origination fee; however it can also be termed ‘a point.’

The origination fee is a lender fee. Some lenders charge this fee while others don’t. You should always ask your mortgage professional whether the quote they are offering has an origination fee and/or discount points associated with it. This will allow you to know exactly what your monthly payment will be.

If you reduce your interest rate by paying discount points, your monthly repayment will also be reduced. It is a good idea to take into consideration what the monthly savings are by paying the additional cost of points and whether it is money well spent. You may want to use the funds to increase your down payment or do some improvements to your new home, which in turn will increase its value or make the home more enjoyable to you. Points can in some cases be tax deductible, so it is a good idea to check with your tax professional for advice.

Mortgage points can be a good investment for you. Your mortgage professional should help you with this calculation and find what will work best for you in the long run. As I always say, never hesitate to ask questions. Mortgage professionals are here to help you during this process and to make it go as smoothly as possible.

If you have any questions or suggestions on future topics please feel free to contact me at Ingrid.Quinn@cobaltmortgage.com or visit me at http://www.CobaltMortgage.com/IngridQuinn or http://www.ScottsdaleMortgageExpert.com .


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Mortgage Points, What are They?

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Mortgage points generally refer to a loan origination fee and/or discount points. Discount points refer to the amount of money that a person pays to a lender to get a loan at a specific rate. Points are paid when discounting the rate for a loan. A lender usually has a menu of rates available on any given day at a variety of costs. Par pricing is when no discount points are required.
An origination fee is what a borrower will pay the lender for their services. Since the change in lending and disclosure rules in 2009, the term origination fee was changed to origination charge. The origination charge will include any lender admin fees and an origination point if applicable.
Before you can even consider whether or not purchasing points is a good idea, you have to make sure that you will have the extra cash because points will increase your total closing costs. Points can be financed into a refinance transaction but not into a purchase. Sellers can pay points for a buyer as part of a closing cost concession.
Positive mortgage points can be viewed as a form of pre-paid interest. Each point is equal to 1% total loan amount. Why would you want to pre-pay a part of your interest? The buyer is offering to pay an up front fee to receive a discount on the interest rate. The reduction in interest will give the buyer lower monthly mortgage payments. With mortgages duration of typically 15, 20 or even 30 years, the discount points will help save you a huge amount of interest over the life span of the loan. Positive discount points are usually worthwhile to a home buyer if he or she will maintain the mortgage for a while.
There is a second type of mortgage points, negative mortgage points or as termed, Yield Spread, work very much like positive mortgage points except in reverse. Instead of you paying the bank to lower your rate, the bank will pay you to take a higher rate. As an example, if you were offered a rate of 5.5 percent on your $100,000 loan. The bank is now offering you one point to raise your rate to 5.75 percent. Therefore, they are basically giving you $1,000 in order to raise your interest rate. This will also result in you paying a higher mortgage payment every month. These points don’t end up as a written check for the money. The yield will just be applied to your total closing costs on the loan.
Closing costs can result in a few thousand dollars of out-of-pocket expense. Amounts for closing cost vary by state, location and amount of loan requested. Purchase transactions and refinances can have a difference in costs too.
“Breaking even is a major factor in deciding what to do with points. Something the buyer will want to inquire about is how long it will take to “break even” in regards to possibly selling the home before their loan is paid in full. You will want to have retained the mortgage at least until you “break even”, if not longer, to make it worthwhile to reap benefits from discount points. Keep in mind there may also be a tax benefit to paying points and you will want to consult a tax advisor on this subject and what may be beneficial to your individual circumstance.
For questions of suggestions please feel free to email me at Ingrid.Quinn@cobaltmortgae.com or visit me at http://www.ScottsdaleMortgageExpert.com or http://www.CobaltMortgage.com/IngridQuinn