Ingrid B. Quinn

NMLS ID #211652 Arizona, Loan Consultant


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Qualified Mortgage (Q.M.) What is it?

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Qualified Mortgage (QM) and Ability to Repay rules are in effect on loan applications received on or after January 10, 2014. Part of the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act, the new rules are designed to protect buyers from purchasing homes they can’t afford and provide lenders protection from liability when originating loans that meet the Qualified Mortgage standard.
What is a Qualified Mortgage?

A qualified mortgage is a home loan that has:
• Regular periodic payments in substantially equal amounts
• Been underwritten based on a fully amortizing payment schedule using the maximum rate allowable for the first five years after the date of the first periodic payment
• Verified the borrower’s income and assets; and current debts, including alimony and child support
• A borrower’s total debt-to-income ratio of no more than 43% (see “Temporary QM” for exceptions to this requirement)
• Met points and fees limitations
• None of the following features: negative-amortization, interest-only or balloon-payment features

Points and Fees

A loan must not exceed the limits listed below for points and fees for either Temporary or Standard Qualified Mortgages. These fees typically do not include those that are paid to third parties such as appraisers or title companies unless those companies are affiliated with the lender.

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Higher-Priced Mortgage Loans

For a lender to originate a Qualified Mortgage with safe harbor legal protections, the lender must ensure that the Annual Percentage Rate (APR) does not exceed certain thresholds. For 1st lien mortgage loans, the APR cannot exceed an index called the Average Prime Offered Rate (APOR) by more than 1.5%. For 2nd lien mortgage loans, the APR cannot exceed the APOR by more than 3.5%. FHA APR cannot exceed APOR +1.15% + annual NI%.

What does the Qualified Mortgage mean for you and your buyers?

Most loan programs today already adhere to the standards that make up the QM rule. The new rule simply formalizes that lenders must make – and document – a good-faith determination before closing the loan that the borrower has a reasonable Ability to Repay the loan. At minimum, this determination is made based on eight factors, which are already the tenets of mortgage underwriting:
• Current income or assets
• Current employment status
• Monthly mortgage payment
• Monthly payment on any simultaneous loan
• Monthly payment for mortgage-related obligations (taxes, insurance, HOA, etc.)
• Current debt obligations, alimony and child support
• Monthly debt-to-income ratio and residual income
• Credit history

There will not be a significant impact for loans that are eligible for Fannie Mae, Freddie Mac, FHA, VA or USDA. Although some jumbo and non-conforming programs will tighten their standards to the 43% debt-to-income threshold, most customers using these programs will still qualify.

The points and fees limitations and higher-priced mortgage loan limits are generally seen as a positive for homebuyers, as they will prevent many lenders from charging high ancillary fees, large amounts of discount points, and higher interest rates. However, there will be a small amount of riskier loan products that will be difficult to offer without violating the QM thresholds. Some lenders may decide to offer those mortgage products that are not eligible for QM safe harbor legal protection, but doing so will expose them to greater legal risks.


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To Make a Pre-Payment or Not?

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I get this question quite often from clients who would like to make a lump sum payment and reduce their mortgage payment without going through a full refinance. Check with your servicer to find out if they offer this feature in your loan or if you are contemplating a purchase or new refinance, it is a good question to field before you choose a lender for your transaction. The feature initially discussed is a courtesy offered by your servicer and not all lenders or servicers allow for recasting. Prepayment without penalty is allowed on most loan products and a review of your loan documents at closing is important.

Recasting is the process whereby a borrower applies a significant one-time payment to substantially reduce the unpaid principal balance of the loan in order to lower the monthly payment. Although the remaining loan term and interest rate remain unchanged, re-amortizing the loan based on the newly reduced principal amount results in a lower monthly payment. Conventional, conforming Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac loans are generally eligible, but loan recasts are not allowed on FHA and VA loans. Recasting a jumbo loan depends on the individual loan.

Different lenders will require a different minimum principal curtailment. Typically, the minimum is $5,000 or even $10,000. There will be a nominal one time fee ranging from $100-$500 also. The interest rate on the loan will not change and the re-amortization will be over the remaining original term of the loan. The loan will be re-amortized based on the newly reduced principal amount, resulting in a decreased Principal and Interest (P&I) payment and an overall lower monthly payment. New billing statements will be adjusted to reflect the lower payment amount.

This is a good alternative to a refinance when you have a more favorable interest rate than what the current market is offering. Also, there are no typical refinance closing costs related to the re-amortized loan process.
On the other side of this scenario, is a lump sum payment keeping the P & I payment the same and the term of the loan will then be shortened. This is a typical pre-payment. It obviously will depend on your long term reasons for opting for either type of loan restructure and you should consult your financial professional and your mortgage professional for guidance.

For questions please feel free to email me at Ingrid.quinn@cobaltmortgage.com or visit http://www.scottsdalemortgageexpert.com or http://www.cobaltmortgage.com/ingridquinn.


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Your Home Loan Was Sold?

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recently experienced a situation with clients who were confused as to why their loan had been sold to a secondary lender. This has no reflection on the borrower. Selling a loan is typical in the mortgage industry. Mortgage brokers do not close loans in their own name. The funding lender’s name will be on the borrower’s closing documents. Mortgage bankers and banks close loans in their own name and typically retain the servicing (collection of monthly payments) of the loans while selling the loan on the secondary market.
A common reason for banks and lenders to sell their closed mortgages is to free up capital to do more loans. Lenders can only fund so many loans before they no longer have any funds on their warehouse line left to loan. This is where the secondary markets (the place that mortgages are bought and sold after they are closed) come in to play. When a lender funds a loan and then sells it to a secondary market investor (commonly Fannie Mae, Freddie Mac, Ginnie Mae or jumbo loan investors), they are able to make a profit as well as free up capital to originate new loans.
This system actually benefits borrowers by increasing demand in the mortgage market. If the process of selling loan did not exist it would force lenders to create a set amount of loans and they would have to wait for the loans to be paid off prior to creating new loans. The competitive part of the business would be reduced.
Borrowers have nothing to worry about if/when the loan is sold. The loan terms are set in your note and will not change. If you have a home loan and want to see what entity actually owns the loan, call your customer service department and ask. A servicing company is not generally the owner of your mortgage.
For questions or suggestions please feel free to contact me at Ingrid.Quinn@cobaltmortgage.com or visit me at http://www.CobaltMortgage.com/IngridQuinn or http://www.ScottsdaleMortgageExpert.com .


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Condo Project Eligibility

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When looking to purchase a home in a condominium project, there are a few things to consider. Condominiums are treated a little differently than a single family detached or even an attached home in a homeowner’s association subdivision. The overall financial health of the condominium association is scrutinized. As a result, the project must be acceptable by guidelines put in place by Fannie Mae, Freddie Mac, FHA or VA. The scope of the guidelines and the specific eligibility criteria are dependent upon whether the condo project reviewed is an established community or new construction. I am going to focus on established projects and conventional guidelines. Below are guidelines for such condo projects:
• at least 90% of the total units in the project have been conveyed to the unit purchasers;
• the project is 100% complete, including all units and common elements;
• the project is not subject to additional phasing or annexation; and
• Control of the homeowners’ association has been turned over to the unit owners.
Some General Questions to ask about the Condominium Association
• Is there current litigation involving the association?
• How many units are investor units out of total count?
• Are there more than 15% homeowners 30 days or more delinquent in association fees?
• Does any single entity own more than 10% of the units?
By getting answers to these few questions, you may find out sooner than later whether you will have difficulty obtaining financing for the home you want to purchase.
Condo Insurance Requirements
The condo project insurance policy must ensure the homeowners’ association maintains a master or blanket type of insurance policy, with premiums being paid as a common expense. The insurance requirements vary based on the type of homeowners’ association master or blanket insurance policy. Also, be aware there must be a fidelity bond coverage or employee dishonesty coverage which covers against theft by those entities handling community funds. As for unit coverage, there are a couple of types available and you must check with your lender for what is required:
“All-In/Single Entity” (sometimes known as an “all-inclusive”): The policy must cover all of the general and limited common elements that are normally included in coverage. These include fixtures, building service equipment, and common personal property and supplies belonging to the homeowners’ association. The policy also must cover fixtures, equipment, and replacement of improvements and betterments that have been made inside the individual unit being financed. If the unit interior improvements are not included under the terms of this policy type, the borrower is required to have an HO-6 policy with coverage, as determined by the insurer, which is sufficient to repair the condo unit to its condition prior to a loss claim event.
“Bare Walls”: This policy typically provides no coverage for the unit interior, which includes fixtures, equipment, and replacement of interior improvements and betterments. As a result, the borrower must obtain an individual HO-6 policy that provides coverage sufficient to repair the condo unit to its condition prior to a loss claim event, as determined by the insurer. Depending on the type of loan you choose there can be a requirement for flood insurance.
Buyers need to know this information when looking into purchasing a condo. To determine eligibility for your condominium contact your lender and discuss what information you have and need to obtain for a smooth transaction. This adds an additional step to your mortgage process so make sure you have sufficient time to process your loan application.
For questions or suggestions please feel free to email me at Ingrid.Quinn@CobaltMortgage.com or visit me at either http://www.ScottsdaleMortgageExpert.com or http://www.CobaltMortgage.com/IngridQuinn


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Locking, What is it?!

Lock on Chains
In today’s volatile market, consumers need to understand what a lender offers as options for locking in their loan. Many consumers think that when they begin speaking to a lender, the rate they discuss that day will be the rate they carry from there on. However, this is not the case. Laws govern what constitutes a loan application. An actual loan application requires that 6 pieces of information are received, which triggers disclosures for the good faith estimate and the ability to lock in loans. These items are social security number to pull credit, borrower name, estimated value, monthly income, loan amount sought & property address. These six things are important because without these six items a lending company is not able to give a borrower a locked rate.
A borrower is required to give all of the information except the address when prequalifying. Once you have a property under contract then you have the ability to lock in a rate for the loan. Loan rates are locked in for a specific period of time. This time frame is based upon the close of escrow date. Typically loans are locked 15, 30, 45 or 60 days. There is the option of locking in rate for a longer period of time, but this is mainly used when you are purchasing a home that is being built for you and will not be completed with in 60 days.
What does locking in a rate/loan actually mean? When you lock your loan your lender should provide you the rate and/or points as well as the specific date of expiration of those terms. Regardless of how the market changes, your rate will continue to hold as it was locked. This can be both a good and bad thing.
Whether the market improves and rates lower or the market worsens and rates increase you are guaranteed to have the rate you have in writing. There can be an exception to these rules, but only with some lenders. This is called a renegotiation policy. This can typically occur when the market improves at least .25%(depending on your lender’s rules) and your lender will allow you to change your locking contract. Keep in mind that when you choose to lock in your rate, you are asking the lender to protect you and you are making a commitment to do the loan with your lender. The shopping rate time is over. Renegotiation is a courtesy provided by your lender.
Borrowers need to make sure that when they go to lock in their rate, that their lender gives them their terms in writing. You should never assume something has been done without seeing it in writing. Be safe, talk to your lender about locking and what their renegotiating options are. Never hesitate to ask questions and learn as much as you can.
For questions for suggestions please feel free to email me at Ingrid.Quinn@CobaltMortgage.com or visit me at http://www.scottsdalemortgageexpert.com or http://www.CobaltMortgage.com/IngridQuinn .


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Mortgage Points, What are They?

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Mortgage points generally refer to a loan origination fee and/or discount points. Discount points refer to the amount of money that a person pays to a lender to get a loan at a specific rate. Points are paid when discounting the rate for a loan. A lender usually has a menu of rates available on any given day at a variety of costs. Par pricing is when no discount points are required.
An origination fee is what a borrower will pay the lender for their services. Since the change in lending and disclosure rules in 2009, the term origination fee was changed to origination charge. The origination charge will include any lender admin fees and an origination point if applicable.
Before you can even consider whether or not purchasing points is a good idea, you have to make sure that you will have the extra cash because points will increase your total closing costs. Points can be financed into a refinance transaction but not into a purchase. Sellers can pay points for a buyer as part of a closing cost concession.
Positive mortgage points can be viewed as a form of pre-paid interest. Each point is equal to 1% total loan amount. Why would you want to pre-pay a part of your interest? The buyer is offering to pay an up front fee to receive a discount on the interest rate. The reduction in interest will give the buyer lower monthly mortgage payments. With mortgages duration of typically 15, 20 or even 30 years, the discount points will help save you a huge amount of interest over the life span of the loan. Positive discount points are usually worthwhile to a home buyer if he or she will maintain the mortgage for a while.
There is a second type of mortgage points, negative mortgage points or as termed, Yield Spread, work very much like positive mortgage points except in reverse. Instead of you paying the bank to lower your rate, the bank will pay you to take a higher rate. As an example, if you were offered a rate of 5.5 percent on your $100,000 loan. The bank is now offering you one point to raise your rate to 5.75 percent. Therefore, they are basically giving you $1,000 in order to raise your interest rate. This will also result in you paying a higher mortgage payment every month. These points don’t end up as a written check for the money. The yield will just be applied to your total closing costs on the loan.
Closing costs can result in a few thousand dollars of out-of-pocket expense. Amounts for closing cost vary by state, location and amount of loan requested. Purchase transactions and refinances can have a difference in costs too.
“Breaking even is a major factor in deciding what to do with points. Something the buyer will want to inquire about is how long it will take to “break even” in regards to possibly selling the home before their loan is paid in full. You will want to have retained the mortgage at least until you “break even”, if not longer, to make it worthwhile to reap benefits from discount points. Keep in mind there may also be a tax benefit to paying points and you will want to consult a tax advisor on this subject and what may be beneficial to your individual circumstance.
For questions of suggestions please feel free to email me at Ingrid.Quinn@cobaltmortgae.com or visit me at http://www.ScottsdaleMortgageExpert.com or http://www.CobaltMortgage.com/IngridQuinn


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APR vs. Interest Rate, What’s the Difference?

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Recently one of the Realtors I work closely with asked me what the actual difference between APR (annual percentage rate) and the Interest rate. Well, there is a big difference and when you are shopping for a home mortgage you are going to want to pay attention to a lot more than just the APR that is being offered by a lender. The short answer to this question is that simple interest is only the interest you pay on the loan whereas the APR is an informational number that covers some of costs of obtaining a residential loan, including points, interest, lender administration fees, mortgage insurance and various title fees.
In the case of a mortgage, the annual percentage rate, or APR, is the total yearly cost of financing a home, expressed as a percentage of the amount financed.
The federal Truth in Lending Act requires the lender to disclose both the nominal rate and the APR. Loans are frequently offered on different terms. Loan terms from different lenders can make it hard to figure out which offer is truly the best one.
The APR disclosed can be rounded up or down to the nearest one-eighth of a percentage point. Both the APR & simple interest rate must be advertised in the same font size or APR may be larger in print.
What this all means is that the APR of a loan is essentially a consumer tool designed to assist people when looking to make a major purchase. On the other hand, you have your simple interest rate. This is a very straight forward percentage that will be applied to your loan and determines your monthly payment.
People can use APR to get a general idea of what you will be looking at long term, but when it comes down to it people need to not be hesitant to ask lenders questions. Call them and find out what exactly their APR includes and what other fees are to be expected. You can also talk to your realtor and ask them about different lenders they have worked with. It’s never a bad thing to get a second opinion. Especially from a professional who is there to get you into your new home or assist you your refinance transaction.
For any questions or suggestions please feel free to email me at Ingrid.Quinn@CobaltMortage.com or visit me at http://www.CobaltMortgage.com/IngridQuinn or http://www.ScottsdaleMortgageExpert.com .